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New Jersey's Long-Range Transportation Plan

For Public Discussion

September 2008

URBAN SUPPLEMENT REPORT

City of Newark

Prepared for NEW JERSEY DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION and NJ TRANSIT Prepared by

New Jersey's Long-Range Transportation Plan

The preparation of this report has been financed in part by the US Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration and Federal Transit Administration. This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the US Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The United States Government assumes no liability for its contents or use thereof.

New Jersey's Long-Range Transportation Plan

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................................... 1

I. TRANSPORTATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC CONDITIONS ............................................................................. 2 A. EXISTING TRANSPORTATION NETWORK ............................................................................................... 2 1. Roads ............................................................................................................................................... 2 2. Public Transit .................................................................................................................................... 4 3. Bicycle and Pedestrian ...................................................................................................................... 9 4. Goods Movement........................................................................................................................... 10 B. SYSTEM PERFORMANCE ...................................................................................................................... 11 1. Congestion Management System ................................................................................................... 11 2. Pavement Conditions ..................................................................................................................... 13 3. Bridge Conditions........................................................................................................................... 14 4. Safety Conditions ........................................................................................................................... 14 C. DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE ..................................................................................................................... 14 1. Population...................................................................................................................................... 14 2. Age Distribution ............................................................................................................................. 15 3. Racial and Ethnic Composition ....................................................................................................... 16 4. Income & Poverty .......................................................................................................................... 17 5. Automobile Ownership................................................................................................................... 17 6. Labor Force .................................................................................................................................... 17 7. Unemployment .............................................................................................................................. 18 8. Employed Residents by Industry ..................................................................................................... 18 9. Employed Residents by Occupation ................................................................................................ 19 10. Journey to Work - Resident Labor Force........................................................................................... 19 11. Employment................................................................................................................................... 20 12. Journey to Work - Employees in the City ......................................................................................... 21 D. FUTURE CONDITIONS ......................................................................................................................... 21 1. Population and Employment Projections......................................................................................... 21 2. Transportation Conditions .............................................................................................................. 26 E. CURRENT AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENT .............................................................................................. 30 1. City ................................................................................................................................................ 30 2. Suburbs/Region.............................................................................................................................. 35 F. TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM ISSUES...................................................................................................... 37 1. Roads ............................................................................................................................................. 37 2. Public Transit .................................................................................................................................. 39 3. Bicycle and Pedestrian .................................................................................................................... 41 G. ASSESSMENT OF PROGRESS ................................................................................................................ 42 1. Roads ............................................................................................................................................. 42 2. Public Transit .................................................................................................................................. 43

II. TRANSPORTATION PROJECTS ................................................................................................................... 44 A. ROADS ................................................................................................................................................ 44 1. Regional / State Roads .................................................................................................................... 44 2. Local Roads .................................................................................................................................... 47 B. PUBLIC TRANSIT .................................................................................................................................. 48 1. Commuter Rail ............................................................................................................................... 48 2. Local Bus ........................................................................................................................................ 50 3. Aviation .......................................................................................................................................... 51 C. BICYCLE AND PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES................................................................................................. 51 1. Trails/Greenways ............................................................................................................................ 51 2. Bicycle Routes................................................................................................................................. 51 3. Downtown Pedestrian Enhancements............................................................................................. 52 4. Neighborhood Pedestrian Enhancements ....................................................................................... 52 D. GOODS MOVEMENT........................................................................................................................... 52 1. Dredging........................................................................................................................................ 52 2. Port/Terminal Expansions ............................................................................................................... 52 3. Rail Freight Improvements .............................................................................................................. 53

New Jersey's Long-Range Transportation Plan

III. RECOMMENDATIONS ............................................................................................................................... 54 A. ROADS ................................................................................................................................................ 54 B. PUBLIC TRANSIT .................................................................................................................................. 55 C. BICYCLE AND PEDESTRIAN.................................................................................................................. 56 D. GOODS MOVEMENT........................................................................................................................... 57

REFERENCES ................................................................................................................................................... 58

New Jersey's Long-Range Transportation Plan

INTRODUCTION

State law requires the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT), in conjunction with NJ TRANSIT, to prepare and submit to the legislature an Urban Transportation Supplement to the state's Long-Range Transportation Plan. The state requires that the Urban Supplement identify and address the transportation needs of the state's seven largest cities: Atlantic City, Camden, Elizabeth, Jersey City, Newark, Paterson, and Trenton. Because the State Development and Redevelopment Plan (State Plan) recognizes New Brunswick as an eighth urban center, an Urban Supplement has also been prepared for that city. The Urban Supplement must outline means of improving access to these major urban centers, emphasizing the transportation needs of city residents who are employed or seeking employment in suburban locations.

The State Plan recognizes the importance of cities to future development in the state, and it proposes to target infrastructure investments to urban areas to support urban development and redevelopment. In recent years, cities have begun to experience modest to substantial gains in new development, and projections and plans indicate that urban development is likely to continue.

The transportation needs of the major cities can be summarized follows: Diverse populations, including low-income, minority, and elderly citizens, many of whom depend on public transportation A need to serve both increasing development and redevelopment An aging infrastructure that must be maintained and rehabilitated A mismatch between the locations of housing and jobs

This Urban Supplement updates previous reports from 1993 and 2001. NJDOT intends for this document to be a user-friendly guide to inform its planning and capital programming processes, and those of the counties and municipalities involved, particularly to support local economic development and land use objectives.

This report provides background data on transportation and demographic conditions, and it assesses transportation system issues and needs, especially in terms of meeting existing demands and accommodating new development and redevelopment. The report also identifies current and proposed transportation investments and their status, and it proposes means of advancing key projects.

The study process involved interviews with representatives of several agencies including NJDOT Local Aid, NJ TRANSIT, the North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority (NJTPA), the Division of City Planning, the Urban Enterprise Zone program, the city Division of Traffic and Signals, the county Workforce Investment Board (WIB), and the Meadowlink transportation management association (TMA).

The process also involved reviewing reports, information, and data from several agencies, including the US Census, NJ Department of Labor, NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, NJTPA, and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Key local planning documents reviewed include the new Land Use Element of the City of Newark's Master Plan; the Newark Economic Development, Land Use and Transportation Plan (NEDLUT); the city's Cross-acceptance Report; and the Port Authority's Strategic Plan.

Urban Supplement for the City of Newark 1

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