Fiscal responsibility and budget management act 2003

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FISCAL RESPONSIBILITY AND BUDGET MANAGEMENT ACT, 2003

(Act No. 39 of 2003)

Government of India Ministry of Finance Department of Economic Affairs

(26th August, 2003)

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THE FISCAL RESPONSIBILITY AND BUDGET MANAGEMENT ACT, 2003 ACT No. 39 OF 2003

[26th August, 2003]

An Act to provide for the responsibility of the Central Government to ensure intergenerational equity in fiscal management and long-term macro-economic stability by [omitted]1 removing fiscal impediments in the effective conduct of monetary policy and prudential debt management consistent with fiscal sustainability through limits on the Central Government borrowings, debt and deficits, greater transparency in fiscal operations of the Central Government and conducting fiscal policy in a medium-term framework and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-fourth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-- 1. Short title, extent and commencement.--

(1) This Act may be called the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003. (2) It extends to the whole of India. (3) It shall come into force on such date2 as the Central Government may, by

notification in the Official Gazette, appoint in this behalf. 2. Definitions.--In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,--

(a) "fiscal deficit" means the excess of total disbursements, from the Consolidated Fund of India, excluding repayment of debt, over total receipts into the Fund (excluding the debt receipts), during a financial year;

3[(aa) "Central Government debt" at any date means(i) the total outstanding liabilities of the Central Government on the security of the Consolidated Fund of India, including external debt valued at current exchange rates; (ii) the total outstanding liabilities in the public account of India; and

1 The words "achieving sufficient revenue surplus and" omitted by sec. 210 of Act 13 of 2018 (w.e.f. 29.03.2018) 2 5th July, 2004, vide notification No. G.S.R. 395(E), dated 2nd July, 2004, see Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II 3 Subs. by s. 211 of Act 13 of 2018 (w.e.f. 29.03.2018)

(iii) such financial liabilities of any body corporate or other entity owned or controlled by the Central Government, which the Government is to repay or service from the annual financial statement, reduced by the cash balance available at the end of that date;]

(b) "fiscal indicators" means the measures such as numerical ceilings and proportions to gross domestic product, as may be prescribed, for evaluation of the fiscal position of the Central Government;

4[(bb) "general Government debt" means the sum total of the debt of the Central Government and the State Governments, excluding inter-Governmental liabilities;

(bc) "gross domestic product" means the sum of the gross value added by all resident production units plus that part of taxes, less subsidies, on products, which is not included in the valuation of output, during a financial year, reckoned at current market prices, as published by the Central Statistics Office from time to time;]

(c) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

5[(ca) "real gross domestic product" means gross domestic product, reckoned at constant prices, as published by the Central Statistics Office from time to time;

(cb) "real output growth" means growth in real gross domestic product;]

(d) "Reserve Bank" means the Reserve Bank of India constituted under subsection (1) of section 3 of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934);

6[(e) Omitted

(f) Omitted]

3. Fiscal policy statements to be laid before Parliament.--

(1) The Central Government shall lay in each financial year before both Houses of Parliament the following statements of fiscal policy along with the annual financial statement and 7[demands for grants except the Medium-term Expenditure Framework Statement], namely:-- (a) the Medium-term Fiscal Policy Statement;

(b) the Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement;

(c) the Macro-economic Framework Statement;

8[(d) the Medium-term Expenditure Framework Statement.]

9[(1A) The statements referred to in clauses (a) to (c) of sub-section (1) shall be

4 Subs. by sec. 211 of Act 13 of 2018 (w.e.f. 29.03.2018) 5 Ins. by s. 211, ibid (w.e.f. 29.3.2018) 6 Clauses (e) and (f) omitted by s. 211, ibid (w.e.f. 29.03.2018) 7 Subs. by s. 147, Act 23 of 2012, for "demand for grants" (w.e.f. 28.05.2012). 8 Ins. by s. 147, ibid (w.e.f. 28.05.2012) 9 Ins. by s. 147, ibid (w.e.f. 28.05.2012)

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followed up with the Medium-term Expenditure Framework Statement with detailed analysis of underlying assumptions.

(1B) The Central Government shall lay the Medium-term Expenditure Framework Statement referred to in clause (d) of sub-section (1) before both Houses of Parliament, immediately following the session of Parliament in which the policy statements referred to in clauses (a) to (c) were laid under sub-section (1).]

(2) The Medium-term Fiscal Policy Statement shall set forth a three-year rolling target for prescribed fiscal indicators with specification of underlying assumptions.

(3) In particular, and without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-section (2), the Medium- term Fiscal Policy Statement shall include an assessment of sustainability relating to--

10[(i) Omitted]

(ii) the use of capital receipts including market borrowings for generating productive assets.

(4) The Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement shall, inter alia, contain-- (a) the policies of the Central Government for the ensuing financial year relating to taxation, expenditure, market borrowings and other liabilities, lending and investments, pricing of administered goods and services, securities and description of other activities such as underwriting and guarantees which have potential budgetary implications;

(b) the strategic priorities of the Central Government for the ensuing financial year in the fiscal area;

(c) the key fiscal measures and rationale for any major deviation in fiscal measures pertaining to taxation, subsidy, expenditure, administered pricing and borrowings;

(d) an evaluation as to how the current policies of the Central Government are in conformity with the fiscal management principles set out in section 4 and the objectives set out in the Medium-term Fiscal Policy Statement.

(5) The Macro-economic Framework Statement shall contain an assessment of the growth prospects of the economy with specification of underlying assumptions.

(6) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions the Macro-economic Framework Statement shall contain an assessment relating to--

10 Item (i) omitted by s. 212 of Act 13 of 2018 (w.e.f. 29.03.2018)

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(a) the growth in the gross domestic product;

(b) the fiscal balance of the Union Government as reflected in the 11[omitted] gross fiscal balance;

(c) the external sector balance of the economy as reflected in the current account balance of the balance of payments.

12[(6A) (a) The Medium-term Expenditure Framework Statement shall set forth a three-year rolling target for prescribed expenditure indicators with specification of underlying assumptions and risk involved.

(b) In particular and without prejudice to the provisions contained in clause (a), the Medium-term Expenditure Framework Statement shall, inter alia, contain--

(i) the expenditure commitment of major policy changes involving new service, new instruments of service, new schemes and programmes;

(ii) the explicit contingent liabilities, which are in the form of stipulated annuity payments over a multi-year time-frame;

13[(iii) Omitted]

(7) The Medium-term Fiscal Policy Statement, 14[the Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement, the Medium- term Expenditure Framework Statement] and the Macro-economic Framework Statement referred to in sub-section (1) shall be in such form as may be prescribed.

4. Fiscal management principles.--

15[(1) the Central Government shall,-

(a) take appropriate measures to limit the fiscal deficit upto three per cent. of gross domestic product by the 31st March, 2021;

(b) endeavor to ensure that-

(i) the general Government debt does not exceed sixty per cent.;

(ii) the Central Government debt does not exceed forty per cent., of gross domestic product by the end of financial year 2024-2025;

(c) not give additional guarantees with respect to any loan on security of the

11 The words "revenue balance and" omitted by Section 212, ibid (w.e.f. 29.03.2018) 12 Ins. by Act 23 of 2012, s. 147 (w.e.f. 28.05.2012) 13 Item (iii) omitted by s. 212 of Act 13 of 2018 (w.e.f. 29.3.2018) 14 Subs. by Act 23 of 2012, s. 147, for "the Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement" (w.e.f. 28.05.2012) 15 Subs. by s. 213 of Act 13 of 2018 (w.e.f. 29.03.2018)

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Consolidated Fund of India in excess of one-half per cent of gross domestic product, in any financial year,

(d) endeavor to ensure that the fiscal targets specified in clauses (a) and (b) are not exceeded after stipulated target dates.

(2) the Central Government shall prescribe the annual targets for reduction of fiscal deficit for the period beginning from the date of commencement of Part XV of Chapter VIII of the Finance Act, 2018 and ending on the 31st March, 2021:

Provided that exceeding annual fiscal deficit target due to ground or grounds of national security, act of war, national calamity, collapse of agriculture severely affecting farm output and incomes, structural reforms in the economy with unanticipated fiscal implications, decline in real output growth of a quarter by at least three per cent points below its average of the previous four quarters, may be allowed for the purposes of this section.

(3) Any deviation from fiscal deficit target under sub-section (2) shall not exceed one-half per cent. of the gross domestic product in a year.

(4) The Central Government shall, in case of increase in real output growth of a quarter by at least three per cent points above its average of the previous four quarters, reduce the fiscal deficit by at least one-quarter per cent of the gross domestic product in a year.

(5) Where the fiscal deficit is allowed to vary from the target prescribed under the proviso to sub-section (2) or deviation is initiated under sub-section (4), a statement explaining the reasons thereof and the path of return to annual prescribed targets under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be, before both the Houses of Parliament.]

5. Borrowing from Reserve Bank.--

(1) The Central Government shall not borrow from the Reserve Bank.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the Central Government may borrow from the Reserve Bank by way of advances to meet temporary excess of cash disbursement over cash receipts during any financial year in accordance with the agreements which may be entered into by that Government with the Reserve Bank:

16[(3)

Provided that any advances made by the Reserve Bank to meet temporary excess cash disbursement over cash receipts in any financial year shall be repayable in accordance with the provisions contained in sub-section (5) of section 17 of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934).

Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the Reserve Bank

16 Subs. by s. 214 of Act 13 of 2018 (w.e.f. 29.03.2018)

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