Greene county emergency operations center

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Environmental Assessment

Greene County Emergency Operations Center

Springfield ? Greene County Office of Emergency Management FEMA-2008-EO-T8-0016 July 2010

U.S. Department of Homeland Security 9221 Ward Parkway, Suite 300 Kansas City, MO 64114-3372

FEMA ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

Springfield-Greene County Emergency Operations Center 1024 N. Campbell Springfield, MO 65802 Prepared By: Springfield-Greene County Office of Emergency Management July 2010

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FEMA ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 Introduction............................................................................................................4

2.0 Purpose and Need ..................................................................................................5

3.0 Alternatives.............................................................................................................6 3.1 Springfield-Greene County Emergency Operations Center..................6 3.2 No Action/No-Construction Alternative ..................................................7

4.0 Affected Environment and Potential Impacts.....................................................7 4.1 Physical Resources .....................................................................................9 4.1.1 Geology and Soils ...........................................................................9 4.1.2 Air Quality....................................................................................10 4.2 Water Resources ......................................................................................11 4.2.1 Water Quality...............................................................................11 4.2.2 Wetlands .......................................................................................11 4.2.3 Floodplains....................................................................................12 4.3 Biological Resources ................................................................................13 4.3.1 Threatened and Endangered Species and Critical Habitat .....13 4.3.2 Wildlife and Fish ..........................................................................14 4.4 Cultural and Historic Resources ............................................................14 4.4.1 Cultural and Historic Resource Consequences.........................14 4.5 Socioeconomic Resources ........................................................................14 4.5.1 Environmental Justice .................................................................14 4.5.2 Noise ..............................................................................................15 4.6 Cumulative Impact ..................................................................................16

5.0 Agency Coordination, Public Involvement, and Permits .................................16

6.0 List of Preparers ..................................................................................................17

7.0 Appendices ........................................................................................................18 Appendix 1: Community Map ..........................................................................19 Appendix 2: EOC Site Plan...............................................................................20 Appendix 3: Environmental Hazards Map .....................................................21 Appendix 4: Historical Map..............................................................................25 Appendix 5: SHPO Clearance ..........................................................................26 Appendix 6: Site Photos.....................................................................................27

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1.0 Introduction

Greene County, Missouri is located in the southwest portion of the state of Missouri. As one of the fastest growing areas in Missouri, Greene County has witnessed rapid population growth for almost a decade. This growth will affect every facet of the lives of its citizens. This growth in population will also result in exposing more people and property to hazards.

With more than 263,900 people, Greene County is the fifth largest county in Missouri and 239th in the entire country. Greene County has an average of 377.5 persons per square mile, with the majority of the population in and around the Springfield metropolitan area. The population of Greene County grew by 46,830 people from 1990 to 2006. Projected Greene County population for the year 2020 is estimated at between 285,000 and 300,000. Eighty-Five to ninety percent of the future Greene County population is expected to live in the Springfield urbanized area of the County.

The Springfield-Greene County Office of Emergency Management (OEM) provides emergency management services to unincorporated Greene County and the city of Springfield. The OEM is responsible for continual readiness for any type of large disaster event which requires the coordination of multiple agencies. This is accomplished through the Springfield-Greene County Emergency Operation Center (EOC). The current facility for the EOC is owned by Greene County. It is inadequate and unprotected. The community is moving forward with the construction of a new EOC. The new site is located near the government plaza area for Springfield-Greene County.

Greene County, through the Missouri State Emergency Management Agency, applied for and was awarded funding under the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) Emergency Operations Center Grant Program.

This Environmental Assessment has been prepared in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969, the President's Council on Environmental Quality regulations to implement NEPA (40 Code of Federal Regulations Parts 1500-1508), and

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FEMA's regulations implementing NEPA (44 CFR Part 10). FEMA is required to consider potential environmental impacts before funding or approving actions and projects. The purpose of this Environmental Assessment (EA) is to analyze the potential environmental impacts of the EOC.

2.0 Purpose and Need

The purpose of FEMA's EOC grant program is to support local jurisdictions building and/or enhancing functions performed at an EOC. The need for Springfield-Greene County is to build a hardened facility designed to support an overall incident management system effective for supporting multi-agency disaster response operations.

The current facility is"located in a 1908 building no longer structurally sound with wooden floor joists having experienced infestations of termites; basement walls are cracked and appear to have been damaged by exterior ground pressure; low basement ceilings are crossed by even lower sprinkler lines; electrical system is inadequate to provide dedicated outlets for more than 6 computers; provides little degree of protection from most manmade threats" (Titan Corporation, 2003).

The impaired basement has flooded approximately two times per year for the past several years. During the six full response activations in the past two years (due to ice storms, floods, and tornadoes) inadequate space has required various adaptations such as establishing sleeping quarters in the elevator, duct tape throughout the facility covering phone/data wires, and personnel commuting to and from the EOC due to inadequate work space. New technologies in the facility cannot be supported correctly or efficiently. The unreliable HVAC system has been improved to the best outflow possible, but still is extremely inadequate. This creates an uncomfortable working environment when the EOC is activated, also having failed during response operations. Mold within the HVAC system required temporary relocation in 2005.

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3.0 Alternatives

NEPA requires the investigation and evaluation of reasonable project alternatives, including impacts to that natural and human environment as part of the planning process. This EA addresses two alternatives: the proposed alternative and no-action alternative. No other alternative locations are considered optional at this time due to the high value placed on keeping the EOC near the government plaza.

3.1 Springfield-Greene County Emergency Operations Center

The proposed alternative will result in the construction of a new Emergency Operations Center, just one block north of the current EOC facility at 1024 North Campbell in Springfield, MO (see Appendix 1: Community Map). The proposed property is currently owned by Greene County, saving real estate cost at other locations. The proposed alternative will include construction of a 24,000 square foot EOC (see Appendix 2: EOC Site Plan). The County designed the facility to achieve silver level rating under the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System.

The EOC will provide all necessary rooms and support systems to effectively manage all multiagency disaster events for the community. Primary benefits of the new facility will include adequate space for all potential agency representatives, an enhanced technology system that will deliver up-to-date situational awareness to all personnel, a computer network that will provide better tools for EOC personnel, accommodations to support long-term operations, and a hardened facility that will better ensure protection against negative impacts of disasters. The facility will meet FEMA 361 high wind protection standards as well as local flooding and seismic codes.

The current EOC resides at 833 Boonville, near the government plaza of Springfield and Greene County. The building was built in 1908. At present, Greene County will continue to use this facility as traditional office space for non-public safety operations that require less space, technological support, and less hardening expectations. Consideration for inclusion into the National Register of Historic Places will be reviewed prior to any significant renovations.

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