The global crisis of religious freedom
Pdf File 1,682.31 KByte,
THE GLOBAL CRISIS OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM
SUBCOMMITTEE ON AFRICA, GLOBAL HEALTH, GLOBAL HUMAN RIGHTS, AND
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
ONE HUNDRED FOURTEENTH CONGRESS
OCTOBER 27, 2015
Serial No. 114?145
Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Affairs
Available via the World Wide Web: or
U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE WASHINGTON : 2016
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Publishing Office Internet: bookstore. Phone: toll free (866) 512?1800; DC area (202) 512?1800
Fax: (202) 512?2104 Mail: Stop IDCC, Washington, DC 20402?0001
VerDate 0ct 09 2002 10:18 Apr 13, 2016 Jkt 000000 PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 5011 Sfmt 5011 F:\WORK\_AGH\102715\97331 SHIRL
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS
EDWARD R. ROYCE, California, Chairman
CHRISTOPHER H. SMITH, New Jersey ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN, Florida DANA ROHRABACHER, California STEVE CHABOT, Ohio JOE WILSON, South Carolina MICHAEL T. MCCAUL, Texas TED POE, Texas MATT SALMON, Arizona DARRELL E. ISSA, California TOM MARINO, Pennsylvania JEFF DUNCAN, South Carolina MO BROOKS, Alabama PAUL COOK, California RANDY K. WEBER SR., Texas SCOTT PERRY, Pennsylvania RON DESANTIS, Florida MARK MEADOWS, North Carolina TED S. YOHO, Florida CURT CLAWSON, Florida SCOTT DESJARLAIS, Tennessee REID J. RIBBLE, Wisconsin DAVID A. TROTT, Michigan LEE M. ZELDIN, New York DANIEL DONOVAN, New York
ELIOT L. ENGEL, New York BRAD SHERMAN, California GREGORY W. MEEKS, New York ALBIO SIRES, New Jersey GERALD E. CONNOLLY, Virginia THEODORE E. DEUTCH, Florida BRIAN HIGGINS, New York KAREN BASS, California WILLIAM KEATING, Massachusetts DAVID CICILLINE, Rhode Island ALAN GRAYSON, Florida AMI BERA, California ALAN S. LOWENTHAL, California GRACE MENG, New York LOIS FRANKEL, Florida TULSI GABBARD, Hawaii JOAQUIN CASTRO, Texas ROBIN L. KELLY, Illinois BRENDAN F. BOYLE, Pennsylvania
AMY PORTER, Chief of Staff
THOMAS SHEEHY, Staff Director
JASON STEINBAUM, Democratic Staff Director
SUBCOMMITTEE ON AFRICA, GLOBAL HEALTH, GLOBAL HUMAN RIGHTS, AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
CHRISTOPHER H. SMITH, New Jersey, Chairman
MARK MEADOWS, North Carolina CURT CLAWSON, Florida SCOTT DESJARLAIS, Tennessee DANIEL DONOVAN, New York
KAREN BASS, California DAVID CICILLINE, Rhode Island AMI BERA, California
(II) VerDate 0ct 09 2002 10:18 Apr 13, 2016 Jkt 000000 PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 5904 Sfmt 5904 F:\WORK\_AGH\102715\97331 SHIRL
C O N T E N T S
WITNESSES The Honorable David N. Saperstein, Ambassador-at-Large for International
Religious Freedom, U.S. Department of State ................................................... 5 Robert P. George, Ph.D., chairman, U.S. Commission on International Reli-
gious Freedom ...................................................................................................... 34 LETTERS, STATEMENTS, ETC., SUBMITTED FOR THE HEARING
The Honorable David N. Saperstein: Prepared statement ................................... 10 Robert P. George, Ph.D.: Prepared statement ....................................................... 40
APPENDIX Hearing notice .......................................................................................................... 68 Hearing minutes ...................................................................................................... 69
VerDate 0ct 09 2002 10:18 Apr 13, 2016 Jkt 000000 PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 5904 Sfmt 5904 F:\WORK\_AGH\102715\97331 SHIRL
VerDate 0ct 09 2002 10:18 Apr 13, 2016 Jkt 000000 PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 5904 Sfmt 5904 F:\WORK\_AGH\102715\97331 SHIRL
THE GLOBAL CRISIS OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 27, 2015
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, SUBCOMMITTEE ON AFRICA, GLOBAL HEALTH, GLOBAL HUMAN RIGHTS, AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS,
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS, Washington, DC.
The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 12:30 p.m., in room 2172 Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Christopher H. Smith (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Mr. SMITH. The subcommittee will come to order, and good afternoon to everyone.
The world is experiencing an unprecedented crisis of international religious freedom, a crisis that has and continues to create hundreds of millions of victims, a crisis that undermines liberty, prosperity, and peace, a crisis that poses a direct challenge to the U.S. interests in the Middle East, Central and East Asia, Russia, China and sub-Saharan Africa, to name just a few.
In large parts of the world this fundamental freedom is constantly and brutally under siege. The worldwide erosion of respect for this fundamental freedom is the cause of widespread human suffering, grave injustices, refugee flows and significant threats to peace.
This Congress has heard the cries of Iraqi and Syrian Christians who face the threat of extinction, slavery, and death.
We have heard about the plight that Rohingya Muslims who face attacks and such unimaginable discrimination from hardline Buddhist groups that many choose slavery elsewhere than life in Burma.
We have heard about the persecution faced by Chinese Christians, Tibetan Buddhists, Uyghur Muslims and Falun Going at the hands of the Communist Party, suspicious of organized religion.
Many of us on this subcommittee have seen first-hand the religious dividing lines in sub-Saharan Africa that are the cause of so much death and destruction, especially by groups like al-Shabaab and Boko Haram.
In a world where some people are willing to kill those whose beliefs are different from theirs, where anti-Semitism persists even in the most tolerant of places, and where authoritarian governments use strong religious faith as a potential threat to their legitimacy, it is more important than ever that the United States engage in robust religious freedom diplomacy, which uses all the tools avail-
VerDate 0ct 09 2002 10:18 Apr 13, 2016 Jkt 000000 PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 6633 Sfmt 6633 F:\WORK\_AGH\102715\97331 SHIRL
able enshrined in the landmark International Religious Freedom Act of 1998.
The stakes are too high and the suffering too great to downplay religious freedom in U.S. foreign policy. But, unfortunately, we often hear from religious groups globally and from NGOs working on the issue that this administration has sidelined the promotion of religious freedom.
This criticism does not discount the exemplary work done by our men and women at the State Department and the efforts of Ambassador Saperstein himself.
They do important and substantive work but it seems too often that the issue is marginalized and isolated from issues of national security or economic development even though we know from academic research that countries with the highest levels of religious freedom experience more prosperity and less terrorism.
Religious persecution has catastrophic consequences for religious communities and for individual victims. But it also undermines the national security of the United States.
Without religious freedom, aspiring democracies will continue to face instability. Sustained economic growth will be more difficult to achieve.
Obstructions will remain to the advancement of the rights of women and girls and perhaps most urgent of all religious terrorism will continue to be nourished and exported.
The global religious freedom crisis will not disappear anytime soon. According to the nonpartisan Pew Research Center, 75 percent of the world's population lives in countries where severe religious persecution occurs regularly.
It has been almost 17 years since the passage of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998. For the record, I chaired virtually every one of the hearings that led to its passage, and as we all know it was authored by Congressman Frank Wolf, a tremendous advocate for religious freedom.
Religious freedom diplomacy has developed under three administrations of both parties. Unfortunately, the grim global realities demonstrate that our Nation has had little effect on the rise of persecution and the decline of religious freedom and it is worth asking why.
Is it worth asking not only what the State Department is doing, but more importantly, what can be done better? Are new tools and new ideas needed to help U.S. religious freedom diplomacy address one of the great crises of the 21st century?
Does the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 need to be upgraded to reflect 21st century realities? That is why I introduced the Frank Wolf International Religious Freedom Act of 2015.
This legislation named after the author, as I mentioned a moment ago, of the original IRF Act would, among other things, strengthen the role of the Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedom and the International Religious Freedom office at State and give more tools to the administration to address the crisis we face.
The bill is roundly endorsed and supported by a broad diverse array of religious freedom, civil society, and diaspora organizations.
VerDate 0ct 09 2002 10:18 Apr 13, 2016 Jkt 000000 PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 6633 Sfmt 6633 F:\WORK\_AGH\102715\97331 SHIRL
- the global use of medicines outlook who
- the political crisis of pakistan in 2007 issue 08 07
- the global practice of financial planning
- the global impact of respiratory disease
- the global burden of rheumatoid arthritis in the year 2000
- the european natural gas industry and the oil crisis of
- the global crisis coming soon unrisd org
- the financial crisis of 2008 pompeu fabra university
- the global crisis of depression lundbeck
- the elementary forms of religious life york university
- the global crisis of religious freedom
- the global crisis international labour organization
- the global impact of the internet on the pharmaceutical
- the global problem of obstetric fistula
- the global impact of e waste international labour organization
- philadelphia phillies 30 41 vs minnesota twins 21
- star wars battlefront 2 for computer wordpress com
- don t have the plaid polyester leisure suit of ipv6 networks
- health services cost review commission
- ap 152 application for texas identification number
- fwisd employee self service
- baseball field lineup template
- panhandle tickets amarillo civic center
- how to cancel amazon digital services
- hertz van rental unlimited mileage
- compliance project manager job description
- kitchen tables for small spaces
- john deere pedal riding tractor
- volvo xc60 for sale craigslist
- original msn hotmail sign in
- osha excavation requirements for sloping
- ford auto parts online catalog
- airport parking san francisco airport
- lawn and garden parts distributors
- all star lincoln prairieville
- hyundai motor finance payment grace period
- city of kirkland permit tech
- baxter employee benefits center
- search conducting a staff meeting articles
- ford car dealerships in houston