The proposed maintenance facility replacement within

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A CULTURAL RESOURCES EVALUATION OF THE PROPOSED MAINTENANCE FACILITY REPLACEMENT WITHIN MARINWOOD PARK, 775 MILLER CREEK ROAD, MARIN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA

SUBMITTED BY

William Roop, M.A, RPA, ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESOURCE SERVICE

SUBMITTED FOR

Eric Dreikosen, Manager, Marinwood Community Service District.

May 23, 2018

A.R.S. Project 18-023

INTRODUCTION

As requested and authorized, Archaeological Resource Service has conducted an archaeological evaluation of the parcel described below. The following basic tasks were accomplished as part of this project:

1. A check of the information on file with our office and the Regional Office of the California Historical Resources Information System, to determine the presence or absence of previously recorded historic or prehistoric cultural resources,

2. A check of appropriate historic references to determine the potential for historic era archaeological deposits, and;

3. Contact with the Native American Heritage Commission to determine the presence or absence of listed Sacred Lands within the project area;

4. Contact with all appropriate Native American organizations or individuals designated by the Native American Heritage Commission as interested parties for the project area;

5. A surface reconnaissance of all accessible parts of the project area to locate any visible signs of potentially significant historic or prehistoric cultural deposits.

6. Preparation of a report describing the work accomplished, the results of the research, and making appropriate recommendations for further action, if warranted.

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The proposed project would replace the existing park maintenance facility within Marinwood Park. The facility has been in use for over fifty years, long outliving its design life. The facility has deteriorated over time through daily use. The facility is now worn out and in need of replacement, as described by the district is:

The current park maintenance facility, located at the northern end of Marinwood Park, was originally constructed in 1965. In addition to serving as a facility to store District equipment and supplies used for park maintenance purposes, it has also served as a workshop for the District's dedicated park staff where new ideas and improvements have become reality. As the years have progressed, the maintenance facility has severely deteriorated. The roof is tarped seasonally and during heavy rains the interior floods, rendering the facility unsafe and unusable. Yet it continues to be relied upon to the best of its rapidly degrading functionality

Archaeological Resource Service 613 Martin Avenue, Suite 101 Rohnert Park, Ca 94928

(707) 586-2577 FAX (707) 586-2580

A cultural resources evaluation of The Proposed Maintenance Facility Replacement Within Marinwood Park, 775 Miller Creek Road, Marin County, California

May , 2018

as the District has no other such facility. All the while the structure becomes more unstable, less sound and a growing safety risk to our dedicated staff, the public and the environment. The archaeological investigation has examined the project area to determine the potential for negative impacts to cultural resources.

FIGURE 1 -- THE PROJECT AREA AS CURRENTLY CONFIGURED

Miller Creek Road is to the left, Quietwood Drive is visible at the top. This is the northwest corner of Marinwood Park.

FIGURE 2 -- THE REPLACEMENT PLAN

The proposed configuration is shown on the left. The replacement is superimposed on the existing conditions on the right. 2

A cultural resources evaluation of The Proposed Maintenance Facility Replacement Within Marinwood Park, 775 Miller Creek Road, Marin County, California

May , 2018

PROJECT LOCATION

The project area is located Within Marinwood Park, 775 Miller Creek Road, near Quietwood Drive, Marin County, California. The parcel consists of about two acres within the 14.12 acre property of forested park land bounded by schools, parkland and urban neighborhoods. The project area lies in the Mexican era land grant of San Pedro, Santa Margarita Y Las Gallinas within unsectioned land of Township 2 North, Range 6 West, Mt. Diablo Base and Meridian. The Universal Transverse Mercator Grid coordinates to the approximate center of the project area, as determined by measurement from the USGS 7.5' Novato, California Quadrangle Map (1954 (Photorevised 1980)) are:

4209315 Meters North, 539395 Meters East, Zone 10

FIGURE 3 -- MARINWOOD PARK FROM THE MARIN COUNTY GIS

The project area lies in the northwest corner of the park, above and to the west of Miller Creek.

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A cultural resources evaluation of The Proposed Maintenance Facility Replacement Within Marinwood Park, 775 Miller Creek Road, Marin County, California

May , 2018

FIGURE 4 -- THE PROJECT LOCATION ON THE USGS NOVATO QUADRANGLE MAP

REGULATORY SETTING

There are no previously recorded prehistoric or historic resources located within the project area. Archaeological resources, once identified, are evaluated using criteria established in the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) (14 CCR 15064.5 and PRC 21084.1). Significant historical resources need to be addressed before environmental mitigation guidelines are developed and approved. A "significant historical resource" (including both a prehistoric and historic resource) is one that is found eligible for listing in the California Register of Historical Resources. As per Title 14, California Code of Regulations Section 15064.5, historical resources are those that are:

Listed in, or eligible for listing in, the California Register of Historic Resources (Public Resources Code 5024.1, Title 14 CCR, Section 4850 et. seq.);

Listed in, or eligible for listing in, the National Register of Historic Places (CRHR); Included in a local register of historical resources, as defined in an historical resource

survey meeting the requirements of Section 5024.1(g) of the Public Resource Code; or Any object, building, structure, site, area, place, record, or manuscript which a lead

agency determines to be historically significant or significant in the architectural, engineering, scientific, economic, agricultural, educational, social, political, military, or cultural annals of California, provided the lead agency's determination is supported by substantial evidence in light of the whole record.

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A cultural resources evaluation of The Proposed Maintenance Facility Replacement Within Marinwood Park, 775 Miller Creek Road, Marin County, California

May , 2018

Additionally, historical resources and historic districts designated or listed as city or county landmarks or historic properties or districts pursuant to any city or county ordinance can also be listed in the California Register, if the criteria for listing under the ordinance have been determined by the Office of Historic Preservation to be consistent with California Register criteria adopted by the commission (pursuant to Section 5024.1(e) of the PRC).

FIGURE 5 -- THE PROJECT LOCATION FROM GOOGLE EARTH A resource may be listed as an historical resource in the California Register if it has integrity and meets any of the following National Register of Historic Places criteria:

1) Is associated with events that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of our history; or

2) Is associated with the lives of persons important in our past; or 3) Embody the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction, or

represent the work of a master, or possesses high artistic values, or represent a significant and distinguishable entity whose components may lack individual distinction; or 4) Has yielded, or may be likely to yield, information important in prehistory or history. CEQA (PRC 21083.2) also distinguishes between two classes of archaeological resources: archaeological sites that meet the definition of a historical resource as above, and "unique archaeological resources." A "unique archaeological resource" has been defined in CEQA as an archaeological artifact, object, or site about which it can be clearly demonstrated that, without

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A cultural resources evaluation of The Proposed Maintenance Facility Replacement Within Marinwood Park, 775 Miller Creek Road, Marin County, California

May , 2018

merely adding to the current body of knowledge, there is a high probability that it meets any of the following criteria:

1) Contains information needed to answer important scientific research questions and that there is a demonstratable public interest in that information,

2) Has a special and particular quality such as being the oldest of its type or the best available example of its type, or

3) Is directly associated with a scientifically recognized important prehistoric or historic event or person.

FIGURE 6 -- MARINWOOD PARK FROM THE COUNTY GIS WITH SATELLITE IMAGERY Buildings, sites, structures, objects, and districts representative of California and United States history, architecture, archaeology, engineering, and culture convey significance when they also possess integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association. A resource has integrity if it retains the characteristics that were present during the resource's period of significance. Enough of these characteristics must remain to convey the reasons for its significance. As of July 2015, two new classes of resources have been defined. Tribal cultural resources and Tribal cultural landscapes can be any of a variety of cultural sites as defined by the individual tribe. These resources, once identified, are treated as significant resources under CEQA.

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